On March 13, 2020, the House of Commons passed Bill C-4 transposing the USMCA before exposing itself for 6 weeks due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Due to “exceptional circumstances,” third and final reading of the bill was considered passed without a recorded vote, as part of an omnibus deferral motion passed unanimously by all members present.  Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was not present because he was in self-isolation at home after his wife Sophie Grégoire Trudeau tested positive for COVID-19 infection. On the same day, the Senate passed the first, second and third readings of the act without recorded votes, and Governor General Julie Payette signed it shortly thereafter, thus concluding Canada`s ratification of the law.    The U.S. Trump Administration Office The Trade Representative proposed the USMCA citing new digital trade measures, stronger trade secret protections, and adaptations to rules of origin for motor vehicles as some of the benefits of the trade agreement.  The USMCA sets the highest standard of all U.S. trade agreements for effective and effective protection of intellectual property rights. This is an important upgrade to NAFTA. However, substantial changes were made to the Intellectual Property Chapter, Chapter 20, in December 2019, following negotiations on the revision of the USMCA text, which had been signed in November 2018. The U.S. Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) is a trade agreement between these parties.
The USMCA replaced the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The provisions of the agreement cover a wide range of agricultural products, homelessness, manufactured goods, working conditions, digital trade and others. Among the most important aspects of the agreement are better access for U.S. dairy farmers to the Canadian market, guidelines for a greater proportion of automobiles produced in the three countries instead of being imported from other countries, and the maintenance of the dispute settlement system, similar to that contained in NAFTA.   On June 1, 2020, the USTR office issued the Uniform Rules, which is the last hurdle before the agreement is implemented on July 1, 2020. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), signed by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, Mexican President Carlos Salinas and U.S. President George H.W. Bush, entered into force on January 1, 1994. NAFTA has created economic growth and a rising standard of living for the citizens of the three member states. By strengthening trade and investment rules and procedures across the continent, NAFTA has proven to be a solid foundation for building Canada`s prosperity. NAFTA replaced Canada-U.S. .